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Eritrea: Submission to the Universal Periodic Review

Eritrea's human rights situation has not improved since the Council’s 2009 Universal Periodic Review. Torture, arbitrary detention, and severe restrictions on freedom of expression, association, and religious freedom remain routine. Elections have not been held

Eritrea’s human rights situation has not improved since the Council’s 2009 Universal Periodic Review. Torture, arbitrary detention, and severe restrictions on freedom of expression, association, and religious freedom remain routine. Elections have not been held since Eritrea gained independence in 1993, the constitution has never been implemented, and political parties are not allowed. There are no institutional constraints on President Isaias Afewerki, in power now for 22 years.

Forced labor and indefinite military service prompt thousands of Eritreans to flee the country every month. Access to the country for international humanitarian and human rights organizations is almost impossible and the country has no independent media. Regrettably, there is no indication since the 2009 UPR that the government is willing to undertake any of the reforms that would promote and protect human rights.

Failure to Implement UPR Recommendations
Eritrea has implemented none of the Council’s major UPR 2009 recommendations, including the few recommendations it explicitly agreed to implement in its response to the UPR: It has not acceded to the Convention against Torture, the ILO Convention on the Worst Forms of Child Labour, or other treaties.

Eritrea also failed to progress on issues addressed by recommendations it neither accepted nor rejected: It has taken no visible steps to implement the constitution approved in 1997. No independent human rights mechanism has been created despite Eritrea’s assertion that it accepted the principle of establishing one. Conditions that would allow basic freedoms of association and expression are still non-existent.

Finally no progress has been observed on issues related to recommendations rejected by Eritrea from the outset: The government has not released or permitted thousands of prisoners – jailed without trial – to invoke their right to be brought before a judge despite acknowledging that its civil procedure code includes that remedy.

Eritrea has consistently refused to cooperate with UN human rights mechanisms since 2000 and ignored the requests for visits by Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council, including the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Eritrea established in July 2012. The following sections describe flagrant ongoing patterns of human rights abuses occurring since 2009 that Human Rights Watch is independently aware of, based on interviews with refugees and other credible sources.

Forced Labor and Indefinite Conscription
Although all Eritrean citizens must by law provide 18 months of military service, national service is in practice indefinitely prolonged; for many conscripts it extends for much of their working lives. Endless conscription amounts to violations of the Forced Labour Convention (1930, no. 29), and the Abolition of Forced Labour Convention 1957, no. 105), both of which Eritrea ratified

Eritrea claims that its national service system is necessary to protect the country, but conscripts are routinely used as forced labor on essentially civilian jobs. Human Rights Watch documented in 2013 that several hundred conscripts had been forced by a state-owned construction company, Segen Construction Co., to build infrastructure at Eritrea’s only operating mineral mine. Conscripts were forced to work long hours for minimal food rations, primitive lodging, and pay inadequate to sustain themselves, much less their families. They were not allowed to leave the work site. One former conscript said he was jailed for attending a relative’s funeral after his request for leave was denied. The Segen assignment is not unusual. Conscripts are routinely used as cheap and involuntary labor on government farms, road building, civil service, and other essentially civilian activities.

Contrary to Eritrea’s assertion in its UPR response in 2009 that there is no underage recruitment, children as young as 15 are still inducted and sent for military training, according to recent interviews. Evidence gathered by Human Rights Watch show that children are forcibly recruited in the military and face violence and ill-treatment on a regular basis. Conscripts report severe punishment for perceived infractions. There is no mechanism for redress of abuses.

Female conscripts are sometimes sexually abused or raped by their commanding officers. A 2007 study of Eritrean women seeking asylum reported “detention (short and long term), beatings, forced abortions (and attempted abortions), forced heavy labor, death threats, degrading treatment, continuous sexual violence and rape. . . .”[1] There has been no discernible improvement since 2009.

Arbitrary Arrest, Prolonged Detention, and Inhumane Detention Conditions
Although Eritrea’s response to the 2009 UPR recommendations claimed that due process is the law of the land, torture is illegal, and the right to judicial review of detention is enshrined in law, these protections are consistently violated.

Thousands of ordinary citizens are arrested and incarcerated without charge, trial, or opportunity to appeal, and without access to family, lawyers, or independent prison monitoring organizations, including the International Committee of the Red Cross. Some are freed without explanation after arrest and warned not to speak to anyone about their detention. For example, a well-known artist was twice arrested and released without explanation. Friends in a security agency told him the second arrest was because he talked openly about his first arrest. In 2011, he was again arrested when he openly criticized repression and government animosity against his ethnic group; he later fled the country.

Most prisoners remain in jail indefinitely. The most prominent prisoners are the government officials and journalists – the “G-15” – arrested in 2001 and never seen again. They have never been formally charged, much less tried, and have now been held incommunicado for 12 years. Absconding guards report half of them have died. Eritrea continues to ignore calls for due process, including a judicial review of detention from the U.N. Working Group on Arbitrary Detention[2] and the African Commission on Human Rights.[3]

Conditions of confinement described by former detainees are often cruel and inhuman. Death in captivity is not uncommon. Many prisoners disappear, their whereabouts and health unknown to their families. Their deaths may be the first time the family is informed of their condition. When a family occasionally is informed of a death, they are ordered not to inquire about its cause.

Former prisoners continue to describe being confined in underground cells or in shipping containers. They describe overcrowded cells and containers with no space to lie down, little or no light or windows, oppressive heat and insects. With some exceptions, prisoners are denied medical treatment. Food verges on a starvation diet: one or two pieces of bread a day, an occasional serving of lentils or beans, and a cup of tea. Many interviewees said that there was “not enough food and water.”

Physical abuse and torture in detention is common, if varied. Former detainees say it always consists of severe beatings. Detention wardens are given free rein to impose worse punishments. A former interrogator frankly admitted to Human Rights Watch he ordered beatings of prisoners until they confessed to whatever they were accused of; they were then beaten to implicate others. A former prisoner told of a room with three vats in which prisoners were progressively placed if they failed to “confess,” the first filled with cold water, the second with water and human waste, the third predominantly with human waste. Sometimes the prisoner’s head would be pushed into slime and held down. Another prisoner spoke of being forced to sit in the sun shirtless for the day and then being compelled to crawl along rough ground with his elbows and to dig a hole a meter deep before being ordered to crawl back. A prisoner complained that after prolonged detention in the dark in an underground cell, his jailers shone bright lights in his eyes; months later, he still has eye pain.[4]

Eritreans forcibly repatriated to Eritrea are mistreated, contrary to the claim in Eritrea’s 2009 UPR response that “returnees go straight to their homes.” Some who escaped a second time told Human Rights Watch in 2012 they had been incarcerated in the typical crammed cells and beaten shortly after their return. They displayed scars from beatings and electric shocks. One double-escapee reported that several prisoners in his group of returnees died from their beatings and were buried in a large cemetery at the penal complex.

So far as is known, no one has been disciplined for these abuses.

Retaliation for the Activities of Family Members
Family members of draft evaders or national service deserters are punished for their relatives’ conduct, including through arbitrary arrests and detentions. Some families are fined Nakfa 50,000 (US$ 3,333) for evasion or desertion of a relative. Authorities arrested the 87-year-old father, 15-year-old daughter, and brother of a former information minister who fled in 2012; their whereabouts are unknown. In July 2011, a wife whose husband she had not seen since he was conscripted two years earlier was denied food rations when she told authorities she did not know his location. Her children were expelled from school. Another woman was arrested in 2009 and beaten when she failed to disclose her husband’s whereabouts. She was arrested again in 2011 while living in another city and accused of helping her son flee. After eight days and daily beatings she was released but ordered to pay N100,000. Yet another woman told of being jailed raped for five nights by the prison’s chief interrogator when her husband fled. After she bled profusely and miscarried, she was released in the care of her father. When she later fled the country, her father was arrested, beaten, and jailed for a month until he paid N50,000.

Families in Eritrea are also punished and threatened when relatives living abroad fail to pay a 2% tax on foreign income, retroactive to 1992. The tax obligation is imposed on all persons of Eritrean origin, including those who abandoned Eritrean citizenship or have dual nationality. Failure to pay the tax can result in revocations of resident families’ business licenses, confiscations of houses and other property, and refusals to issue passports to allow reunification of children and spouses with their overseas parent or spouse, according to family members interviewed by Human Rights Watch.

Denial of Religious Freedom
Eritrean citizens continue to be punished for practicing a religion other than the four that the government controls or recognizes. Although other religious groups have attempted to register since 2002, the government ignores their applications. The government has also interfered with the leadership of the Orthodox Church and Sunni Islam. It deposed the Orthodox patriarch in 2007 and still holds him in incommunicado house arrest.

Among many other cases, a Pentecostal refugee said her husband, a fellow believer, was arrested in 2009 after they held church ceremonies at their house. She has not heard from him since. In 2011 she was jailed and released only after she agreed to sign a government-prepared document renouncing her religion. A Pentecostal conscript caught possessing a Bible at training camp was physically abused in 2009 and Bible publicly burned. In 2011, he was arrested after authorities at his college discovered his participation in Bible studies. He was beaten so badly in prison that he still bears scars. A Muslim conscript had his Koran confiscated at Sawain 2011; he was 16 at the time. He said other Muslims were punished for reading the Koran or for praying by being forced to lug 25 kg containers of sand about and by being tied up on the ground in the sun for hours or days.

Eritrea makes no allowance for conscientious objection. Imprisonment for conscientious objection lasts far longer than the statutory 18-month service obligation. Three Jehovah’s Witnesses arrested in 1994 because they refused to perform military (but not civilian) duties, remain incarcerated incommunicado 19 years later. At least 11 other Jehovah’s Witnesses have shared their fate during the past decade.

Interference with Freedom of Expression and Association
Eritrea closed all local press outlets in 2001 and arrested their journalists, all of whom remain jailed. Despite government assertions, it has taken no steps to permit an independent domestic press. The only domestic sources of information since 2001 are the government’s outlets. Telephone and internet communications are monitored. No foreign news organization is accredited. Although foreign language transmissions are accessible, the government jammed Al-Jazeera earlier in 2013;it continually jams overseas Tigrinya transmissions. In 2009 and 2011, it arrested journalists at government broadcasting stations; at least six remain in solitary confinement without trial.

No civil society organizations are allowed. Labor unions remain a government monopoly.

Situation of Eritrean Refugees in Host Countries
The human rights crisis in Eritrea continues to spur enormous numbers of Eritreans to flee the country despite shoot-to-kill orders and extreme dangers along migration routes. Countries hosting Eritrean refugees should fulfill their international obligations to protect them and desist from involuntary returns. We urge the Council to adopt the Special Rapporteur’s recommendations that all countries protect these vulnerable and abused exiles.

During the Universal Periodic Review, States should re-assert the recommendations made in 2009 and support those in the Special Rapporteur’s report, as well as urge Eritrea to cooperate with the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Eritrea. The government of Eritrea should also be recommended to:

  • Unconditionally release, or charge and bring before a court law all persons arbitrarily detained, including the so-called “G-15.”
  • Inform the families of the locations of those held incommunicado and facilitate visits.
  • Immediately respect international standards of law in the treatment of prisoners including providing prisoners adequate food, water, and medical assistance and ending overcrowding; allow independent monitors access to all known and secret Eritrean detention facilities; notify family members of the whereabouts of detainees; and restore visiting rights and access to legal representation.
  • Investigate and prosecute all government officials suspected of torture or cruel and degrading treatment of detainees and national service conscripts.
  • Establish independent courts and permit full enforcement of writ of habeas corpus.
  • Stop punishing family members for actions of relatives.
  • Allow citizens to practice their religions peacefully; end discrimination against Jehovah’s Witnesses; and release the Eritrean Orthodox patriarch from home detention.
  • Permit independent non-governmental organizations, including labor unions, to operate without interference.
  • Rescind the suspension of the private press and permit the establishment of independent media outlets.
  • End indefinite national service; begin phased demobilization for those serving for more than the statutory 18 months; and allow substitute service for conscientious objectors.
  • Stop using national service conscripts as forced labor.
  • Implement the 1997 constitution, approve a political party law, and begin preparations for democratic elections with international monitoring throughout the process.
  • Issue standing invitations to UN special procedures, and allow independent monitors such as the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and UN and African Commission special mechanisms access (such as the Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment) to Eritrea’s detention facilities.
  • ign, ratify, and enforce the Convention against Torture; the Rome Statute; the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance; Optional Protocols to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights; and the International Labour Organizations’ Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention.

[1] Cecilia M. Bailliet, “Examining Sexual Violence in the Military within the Context of Eritrean Asylum Claims Presented in Norway,” 19 International Journal of Refugee Law, pp. 12-13 (2007).
[2] Mahmoud Sherifo v. Eritrea, opinion no. 3/2002 U.N. Doc. E/CN/2003/8Add.1.

[3] Zegveld v. State of Eritrea,communication250/2002, Nov 2003, and Article 19. v. State of Eritrea, communication 275/2003.

[4] Other frequent inhumane punishments are described in Human Rights Watch reports listed in the Annex to this submission. See also Special Rapporteur report, para. 55.

Review overview
  • Alem June 27, 2013

    What is the world waiting from saving human life in Eritrea. As you mention portion of what is happening in Eritrea, to this day the International Criminal Court did not charge the Dictator for crime against humanity and genocide. As the dictator is non-eritrean, he is in power to wipe out eritrean people in the name of security. He created this illusion that Ethiopia is coming to invade us, US is against us, we have many enemies, the world is against us etc.

    What makes me laugh is, when the dictator and his blind supporters argue that “US is jealous about eritrea..because our DIA is famous”. How on earth is that almighty US is jealous about Eritrea a tiny nation that can’t feed its people? A country with no elected president, a country with no constitution, a country at the bottom of poverty list, etc. Abey aleki zeibelowas abzi aleku tibil..whatever tigrign proveb fits here.

    IT IS TIME TO CHARGE THE DICTATOR IN ICC NOW!!! PLEASE UN, ICC, EU, USA..wake up and save eritrean people from extinction!!!

    God bless Eritrea!

    • Eritrea Super Power June 27, 2013


      always take human rights report with a grain of salt.all this was said about soviet & china ,well, look how china developed because of the ¨slave labor¨of its people.Chinese doctors experiment on prisiners kidneys ,heart and liver.the sky is not falling ,it is all to destroy the nation. i am not advocating we accept everything that eritrean goverment does ,but oppose it in a peaceful manner and giving opportunity the goverment to advance eritrea to the level of china and singapor have reached.we need to believe that we are special people and with our blood we shall create eritrea that this generation will suffer but the next one will live like chinese and singaporians. Yes we can should be our attitude.let us give our goverment a chance to do the impossible. let us remmember nadew & all the infrastructure. We shall triumph, because we did triumph against america and soviet power. We gained the name black Israelites because of our miraculous war tactics and development .we will soon be super power of the area ,replaciong misearable Ethiopia.

      • Tes June 28, 2013

        Eritrea super shit,
        You are the most idiotic person on earth. Zey sinikas hutsa rntetkirtsmelu zibhals kemzi natka eyu

        • belay nega June 30, 2013

          Tes and Alem

          “Eritrea super shit,”

          “Eritrea Super evil,”

          By the above statements you are only abusing Eritrea as a country, which has nothing to do with your reservation towards the person who is using it as a pen name.
          It is good to think twice before we say something,unless otherwise.


      • Alem June 28, 2013

        Eritrea Super evil,

        First of all, I don’t appreciate people like you to respond to me. If you are genuine, try to convince people by coming forward and talk about what you said above. What you wrote is not expected from a person witha right mind!

        It is sad to see people like you advocating and justifying what is going on in our country. I am assuming that you are one of those hired agents who respond to any article written againist this evil mafia regime.

        You seem to be learned, but ignorant that advocate slavery, kidney harvest, torture and human right abuse in Eritrea. Please have some conscious mind that thinks well. If you are really supporting the Dictator, please go and build one of those infrastrcture you mentioned.
        Note that Eritrea is a country with no constitution, no press, no elected president, and no due process.

        • Eritrea Super Power June 28, 2013


          I beg you to give me a sound and adult reason based on reality, how to remove this goverment without destroying the nation. Like many regimes in the world ,the regime has set it up in a way if theregime crumbles so does the country. People like Stefanos Temelso created Isaias, either they were happy with the way he was leading the gedli or they have to be the most idiotic tegadelti.
          It is not about having heart or no heart ,we are estasblishing a nation that have to deal with complex world ,not some kind of pentecostal church were people cry litres of tears to connect with the lord.Will you people tell me how I am defending the goverment of Eritrea.
          I am not pfdj hasus.
          eg.1- I know prisoners do not get fair trial ,not even fake trial like that of weyane.
          2- G 15 went to jail for trying to save the system ,if it were for the people they would have stood up when the goverment handled the disabled tegadeltis case in 1994.
          3)I am for change not based on blind hatred or civil war vendetta, I do not see any force independent of weyane or other religious & regional fronts.
          4)most paltalk are indirectly based not on the crimes the goverment does but on his region, let us not be blind.
          5)people are quite like a mouse drowned in water when the sinai rapes & organ harvesting is happenning. you guys want results without realistic organization and vision?
          Goverments do equally or even worse crimes were african childrens hands are amputated,infants and todlers raped,developed country like china treating prisoners in a dipicable manner.the Eritrean goverment is practicing cultural revolution ,which has horrific consequences until it purifies the citzenry.
          I admit everything said including tegadalay tesfay temnewos version of events ,that gedli is no monastery.
          Let us see the most culpable countries in the world.

          1 ethiopia
          2 eritrea
          3 sudan
          4 central africa
          5 chad
          6 senegal
          7)burkina faso
          8 china
          10 uzbekistan
          11 burma
          12 cuba
          13 guatemala
          14 burma…etc

          that is 5% of the list, do you know in brazil the goverment officials and business people pay killers to deal with poor homeless people ?
          I am not advocating we accept what the eritrean goverment is doing sitting down ,but not by advocating sanction that hurt the population and the country´s defence.
          What is your alternative ,point it out not just ¨iti mengsti ywdeqmo dhar nriiyo ?
          stop being children ? And i have visited eritrea 8 times ,but i am not a fool to live there and be inprisoned. i did not say others should die or go to prison for me .
          but just while stifanos was tegadalay the same halewa sewra is happenning ,why you thought ones the gedli achieves it´s goal is going to turn in to a priest.
          grow up & challenge me by bringing grown up solutions, not emotional blub.

    • belay nega June 28, 2013


      “What makes me laugh is, when the dictator and his blind supporters argue that “US is jealous about eritrea..because our DIA is famous”.”

      What if we put it this way:
      No Ethiopian believes in Eritrean freedom, U.S.A is a die hard friend to Ethiopia, therefore America is always ready to make happy Ethiopians.

      • Eritrea Super Power June 29, 2013

        brother belay,
        i care less about pfdj or isaias ,but people that fought under his decisive leadership & unbearable situation by any thinking human possible are advocating indirectly to destroy this nation. They brought half cooked result & now they want to see from abroad & ENCOURAGE YOUNG PEOPLE TO CORRECT THEIR MISHAPS & LEAVE THE COUNTRY EMPTYING IT of it´s human power .isaias is not going top change anything..this way has brought him results.
        Gedli disciplined was based on do not question anything ,even peasants that asked ¨unnecessary¨questions were never seen again.The only way to achieve independence,now they want Isaias to do 180 degrees and act like sister Bofta ? how ? the eruitrean people are known for revolution, if they thoght Eritrea was hell like they say ,people do not need some humberger fed cab driver to tell them how to struggle .our struggle started from the grass root ,Camel pullers & donkey pushers, not from yellow cab !
        people ,stop destroying our country weyane changed leadership after PM´s passed away.They killed 5000 people in 2005 for challenging them.

        • MightyEmbasoyra June 29, 2013

          The only person I respect (even though we disagree on almost 95% of the time) is Ato Belay Nega. He has an ideology that I respect and very consistent.
          On the other hand people like ESP, the only credit I give him/her is his English command. Period. Beyond that, either he/she is an ignorant person or a friend of criminals. Don’t waste replying him/her.
          My job here is to convince reasonable people, like Ato Belay. One person at a time.

  • Stefanos Temolso June 28, 2013

    Super power do not be xemam hade derfu. I f u think in such a way go to ERITREA TO GIVE THE REGIME A CHANCE TO IMPRISON U.

  • H.K June 28, 2013

    All the above recomendations and requests for a government that has no respect of rule of law is a JOKE!!!
    The Eritrean group of Mafias understand the rule of force only.
    If all requested is to be implemented the Human rights watch should implement the following things:

    1- All flights to and outside Eritrea should be banned.
    2- All the Eritrean Ministers and Military officials should be refused of any travel.
    3- All the Embassies of Eritrea should be closed following the example of Canada.
    4- All blood gold companies should be forced to close down their operation in Eritrea!!! Not doing that is opportunism!!

    Unless such drastic measures are implimented the Mafia group witll not change!!!


    • MightyEmbasoyra June 29, 2013

      Here you go. These are some of the items we should tackle. I really believe H. K. has good starting points.
      So, how do we start implementing these ideas to action? Anyone?

  • ida June 28, 2013

    We gave isaias over 20 years chance. What we are seeing now, has never been seen anywhere before. What are we waiting for extinction?

    • Eritrea Super Power June 28, 2013

      if we want extinction ,it maybe coming soon with the help of weyane´s disciples. if we topple this goverment without natinalistic ,non weyane sponsored power..then extinction will happen as soon as pfdj crumbles, because like almost all goverments pfdj cares about power ,they will not hesitate to fight for their power and integrity of the country until weyane takes over and we definately will have more food and business and freedom of travel but at what cost ? are you willing to be tigranized ? i am not ,i am happy with the identity i chose ,hizbe tigrinya.more universities and industries would not move me an inch if i have to lose my eritrea .

    • belay nega June 29, 2013


      ” What are we waiting for……”

      You need to grow up,war is about killing and being killed which Eritrean people had enough of it.

      • Eritrea Super Power June 29, 2013

        Belay ,
        they want to watch the war on CNN while on their cabdriver break at McDonalds ,,eating thhe fitfit prepared by their wives ,just ordering black cofee ,making the restaurant smell like inda w´´ ray (festive).
        War is ugly ,you want ..go change it ,we were not happythe way the gedli was run ,you guys brought it half bakes and half ass completed ,now the young people are not going to make your bullshit dream come true. Go ,specially the ex- tegadeltis.
        we want our family to live somehow normal life ,they went to school while you guys hated school and fought.Our relatives are not ready for another blood shed.You want to change goverment in Eritrea go to the Kudar in aQurdet or shuq in asmera & put your body on fire ,if you can start revolution, REVOLUTION DOES NOT START IN YELLOW CAB ,IT STARTS WERE ISAIAS FORCED YOUR ASS TO FIGHT.
        Leave our educated families do therir business in their country.OR GO TO HAWASHITE OR ALI GIDIR TO START ANOTHER REVOLUTION ,OR DO NOT ADVOCATE SOMETHINGS YOU CAN NOT DO YOURSELVES. We know if you were not forced to fight on your way caught by gedlis and made to fight by force ,tough luck ,some of us were not caught and we want our family to take care of therir buildings & shops.Aas for your Mehiwey gibri ,forget it, you were stupid to fight ,now we want change to come gradually not by agitation !!!

        • belay nega June 30, 2013

          Eritrea Super Power

          With all due respect, thanks for wishing our country to be a super power,and thanks again for recognizing the useful challenge the president is passing through.
          Apart from that whenever you writing try to avoid F and A words as they are not Eritrean norms,and this web is read by different people too.
          The fact that Eritrea is supposed to be for all of us, lets us respect our differences and narrow them as much as we can. For instance there are some genuine Eritreans, whom their comment is against the gov of Eritrea but still they make sense.


          -The respectable Mighty
          -Ahmed Saleh [despite me and him had rough communication]

          • Eritrea Super Power June 30, 2013

            I agree,i should not let emotions ruin my point.

      • Eritrea Super Power June 29, 2013

        brothr belay ,

        it was meant for the war mongers and in support of your stand. when I say ¨YOU¨,it means anyone ,not you.

        I agree with your stand of opposing without collaborating with weyane & CIA


        • belay nega June 30, 2013


          Without blaming them[Ethiopians], is right to know that they are the cause of all this mess in Eritrea.

  • ida June 28, 2013

    Poor super, keep dreaming. Some low life is paying you to spy.

    • Eritrea Super Power June 28, 2013


      the exact tactics used by pfdj ,you are using it ,why change spinach with brocolli ? both iron ?

  • A Iyau July 1, 2013

    ”no shackles or cells can match the strength of the human spirit.”

    President Obama, in visiting the bleak former prison of Robben Island to pay tribute to ex-inmate and former president Mandela, now critically ill in hospital, made a remarkable comment which resonates well with all people who are experiencing similar struggle in their life……”no shackles or cells can match the strength of the human spirit.” The same is true with prisoners of Era-Ero and its derivatives in Eritrea and the Sinai Torture Camps in Egypt.

    • belay nega July 1, 2013

      A Iyasu

      “The same is true with prisoners of Era-Ero and its derivatives in Eritrea and the Sinai Torture Camps in Egypt.”

      As far as we denying the diseases we suffering from,the above places will change only the name.
      What is the usage of taking PANADOL while you suffering from stomach ulcer?

      • Eritrea Super Power July 1, 2013

        brother Belay,

        emotions and extreme hatred make people think one way without looking at the consequences .defending the nation is taken to be defending Isaias.that is what they think and i do not think they have a middle ground were the nation and people would not get hurt.
        THE TIGER IS BEHIND GRANDMA ;JUST SHOOT…not knowing tiger is so smart he put grandma infront of him ,but for those that are blinded with hatred towards president Isaias..they just want to shoot ,actually for somebody to shoot while they watch it on starbucks tv.

        • belay nega July 2, 2013

          That is why I call them “WIN TO LOOSE” oriented.

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