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Press Freedom Index 2011/2012 – Eritrea Ranked Last (179th)

Syria, Bahrain and Yemen get worst ever rankings “This year’s index sees many changes in the rankings, changes that reflect a year that was incredibly rich in developments, especially in the Arab world,” Reporters Without Borders

Syria, Bahrain and Yemen get worst ever rankings

“This year’s index sees many changes in the rankings, changes that reflect a year that was incredibly rich in developments, especially in the Arab world,” Reporters Without Borders said today as it released its 10th annual press freedom index. “Many media paid dearly for their coverage of democratic aspirations or opposition movements. Control of news and information continued to tempt governments and to be a question of survival for totalitarian and repressive regimes. The past year also highlighted the leading role played by netizens in producing and disseminating news.

“Crackdown was the word of the year in 2011. Never has freedom of information been so closely associated with democracy. Never have journalists, through their reporting, vexed the enemies of freedom so much. Never have acts of censorship and physical attacks on journalists seemed so numerous. The equation is simple: the absence or suppression of civil liberties leads necessarily to the suppression of media freedom. Dictatorships fear and ban information, especially when it may undermine them.

“It is no surprise that the same trio of countries, Eritrea, Turkmenistan and North Korea, absolute dictatorships that permit no civil liberties, again occupy the last three places in the index. This year, they are immediately preceded at the bottom by Syria, Iran and China, three countries that seem to have lost contact with reality as they have been sucked into an insane spiral of terror, and by Bahrain and Vietnam, quintessential oppressive regimes. Other countries such as Uganda and Belarus have also become much more repressive.

“This year’s index finds the same group of countries at its head, countries such as Finland, Norway and Netherlands that respect basic freedoms. This serves as a reminder that media independence can only be maintained in strong democracies and that democracy needs media freedom. It is worth noting the entry of Cape Verde and Namibia into the top twenty, two African countries where no attempts to obstruct the media were reported in 2011.”

Protest movements

The Arab world was the motor of history in 2011 but the Arab uprisings have had contrasting political outcomes so far, with Tunisia and Bahrain at opposite ends of the scale. Tunisia (134th) rose 30 places in index and, with much suffering, gave birth to a democratic regime that has not yet fully accepted a free and independent press. Bahrain (173rd) fell 29 places because of its relentless crackdown on pro-democracy movements, its trials of human rights defenders and its suppression of all space for freedom.

While Libya (154th) turned the page on the Gaddafi era, Yemen succumbed to violence between President Ali Abdallah Saleh’s opponents and supporters and languished in 171st position. The future of both of these countries remains uncertain, and the place they will allow the media is undecided. The same goes for Egypt, which fell 39 places to 166th because the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, in power since February, dashed the hopes of democrats by continuing the Mubarak dictatorship’s practices. There were three periods of exceptional violence for journalists: in February, November and December.

Already poorly ranked in 2010, Syria fell further in the index, to 176th position, because total censorship, widespread surveillance, indiscriminate violence and government manipulation made it impossible for journalists to work.

Elsewhere in the world, pro-democracy movements that tried to follow the Arab example were ruthlessly suppressed. Many arrests were made in Vietnam (172nd). In China (174th), the government responded to regional and local protests and to public impatience with scandals and acts of injustice by feverishly reinforcing its system of controlling news and information, carrying out extrajudicial arrests and stepping up Internet censorship. There was a dramatic rise in the number of arrests in Azerbaijan (162nd), where Ilham Aliyev’s autocratic government did not hesitate to jail netizens, abduct opposition journalists and bar foreign reporters in order to impose a news blackout on the unrest.

Led by President Yoweri Museveni, Uganda (139th) launched an unprecedented crackdown on opposition movements and independent media after the elections in February. Similarly, Chile (80th) fell 47 places because of its many freedom of information violations, committed very often by the security forces during student protests. The United States (47th) also owed its fall of 27 places to the many arrests of journalist covering Occupy Wall Street protests.

Several European countries fall far behind rest of continent

The index has highlighted the divergence of some European countries from the rest of the continent. The crackdown on protests after President Lukashenko’s reelection caused Belarus to fall 14 places to 168th. At a time when it is portraying itself as a regional model, Turkey (148th) took a big step backwards and lost 10 places. Far from carrying out promised reforms, the judicial system launched a wave of arrests of journalists that was without precedent since the military dictatorship.

Within the European Union, the index reflects a continuation of the very marked distinction between countries such as Finland and Netherlands that have always had a good evaluation and countries such as Bulgaria (80th), Greece (70th) and Italy (61st) that fail to address the issue of their media freedom violations, above all because of a lack of political will. There was little progress from France, which went from 44th to 38th, or from Spain (39th) and Romania (47th). Media freedom is a challenge that needs addressing more than ever in the Balkans, which want to join the European Union but are suffering the negative effects of the economic crisis.

Endemic violence

Many countries are marked by a culture of violence towards the media that has taken a deep hold. It will be hard to reverse the trends in these countries without an effective fight against impunity. Mexico (149th) and Honduras (135th) are two cases in point. Pakistan (151st) was the world’s deadliest country for journalists for the second year running. Somalia (164th), which has been at war for 20 years, shows no sign of finding a way out of the chaos in which journalists are paying a heavy price.

In Iran (175th), hounding and humiliating journalists has been part of officialdom’s political culture for years. The regime feeds on persecution of the media. Iraq (152nd) fell back 22 places and is now worryingly approaching its 2008 position (158th).

Noteworthy changes

South Sudan, a new nation facing many challenges, has entered the index in a respectable position (111th) for what is a breakaway from one of the worst ranked countries, Sudan (170th). Burma (169th) has a slightly better position than in previous years as a result of political changes in recent months that have raised hopes but need to be confirmed. Niger (29th) achieved the biggest rise in a single year, 75 places, thanks to a successful political transition.

It was Africa that also saw the biggest falls in the index. Djibouti, a discreet little dictatorship in the Horn of Africa, fell 49 places to 159th. Malawi (146th) fell 67 places because of the totalitarian tendencies of its president, Bingu Wa Mutharika. Uganda, mentioned above, fell 43 places to 139th. Finally, Côte d’Ivoire fell 41 places to 159th because the media were badly hit by the fighting between the supporters of rival presidents Laurent Gbagbo and Alassane Ouattara.

One of the biggest falls in Latin America was by Brazil, which plunged 41 places to 99th because the high level of violence resulted in the deaths of three journalists and bloggers.

Link: RSF Press Freedom Index 2011/2012

Source: Reporters Without Borders

Review overview
  • tesfaldet January 27, 2012

    GAUL MEDEFERA RAHEL ibet you are not from MEDEFERA yourname is not RAHEL you are from MEKELE OR TEMBEN you jast went to mendefera like KEDAMIT so stop braging GAUL MENDEFERA GAUL MEDEFERA but you make good comment abaout ESAYAS is going to lead eritrea even after he die ilike to see his son to be aleader because he can be like his father aprop lem to his enemys areest tireitors sellouts agames so you make apoint & all the Q & A YOU put are right eritrea is feard by its enemys because of his action no body mess with the lion of nakfa belive me the high top spy by the C I A cant even do shit so the only thing for you AGAME & ENEMYS sit & craying insolting so ilike your comment

    • senait-gual mendefera. January 27, 2012

      go school improve your english and come back to comment then.
      you are the triator and conspirator of the people of Eritrea with the theif Isaias and his gang. you are shit and hopeless shelfish bastard. No Eritreans like you bastard dkala.

  • tesfaldet January 27, 2012

    GAUL MENDEFERA your real name is not RAHEL IT IS LETE GERGISH SO dont pritend to be an eritrean you whre working ENDA TEHANIT in mendefera then KEDAMIT but eritrean people where to see you like their because eritreans are kind to AGAMES

  • Zeray January 27, 2012

    Chapter 1
        I walk down the street.
        There is a deep Hole in the side walk,i fall in.
         I am lost….i am help less.It isn’t my fault.
         It takes forever to find a way out.
    Chapter 2
         I walk down the same street.
         There is a deep hole in the sidewalk.
         I pretend i don’t see it.
         I fall in Again.
         I can’t believe i am in this same place.
         But it isn’t my fault.
         It still takes a long time to get out.
    Chapter 3
         I walk down the same street
         There is a deep hole in the sidewalk.
          I see it there .
          I fall in …it’s a habit…but my eyes are open.
          I know where i am
          It is my fault.
          I get out immediately.
    Chapter 4
         I walk down the same street .
         There is a deep hole in the sidewalk.
         I walk around it.
    Chapter 5
    I walk down a different street.

    If the Deep Hole is PFDJs system which chapter best describes you as a social being? Are you flowing with system? Or are you taking a different street with all the democratic activists?

  • Taddesse T Gebremussie January 27, 2012

    Who are you tospeak about Mendefera ,we Seraye we don’t abuse any one we Seraye in our culture every one have the right to say any thing,Do you know law ATMLGAA,LAW DEKI ADKEME we stund for any woman that is the law of Seraye Do you know AF SERAYE TETMAGOTELU,AF AKELEGUZAY TE TSHKELU ,AF DEKI ZEMAQUIT SWA TETSHENELU.That is enagh for you .respect others WEDI ZEMAQIT. yOU DON’T KNOW SERAYE .

  • Popular Front for Dicatatorship & Jailing(PFDJ) January 30, 2012

    whenever you loose the point, whenever you beat by someone, whenever you lost to talk any valuable issues….
    you use the same fashion as our arrogant president.
    Agame agame agame woyane woyane..Ethiopiaaa ,CIa.we don’t have any business there, our business is Isayas tyrant.
    so make improvement or see the doctor, otherwise don’t say woyane woyane for someone because he/she beats you in dialogue. shouting woyane woyane doesnot make any bread for our people,except for you idiot

  • tesfaldet January 31, 2012

    way dont you use your real name so if you dont like esayas go to eritrea & do something ether you win or end up at ERAERO like the athers mr POUPULAR FRONT FOR DICTATOR SHIP NEXT time use your real name MR AGAME WEYANE

  • tesfaldet January 31, 2012

    HI poupular for dictator ship let me ask you somthing way is it all this AGAMES LIKE you when they put acomment they dont want to use their real name they use names like WEDI HAGER FETAW HAKI AGERAWI way are you gays shaim to use your real name evry one know this website is WEYANES AT LIST your firnd gual MENDEFERA use aname even so thats not her real name what is wrong with the name LETEKIDAN insted of RAHEL