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Nihilism and Fatalism, Hope and Optimism: The Eritrean Saga

Let’s start with the obvious, ladies and gentlemen.  You probably won’t be surprised if I suggested that nowadays, we Eritreans must have capitulated to nihilism and fatalism.  Sure enough, the dictator’s quarter century of relentless

Let’s start with the obvious, ladies and gentlemen.  You probably won’t be surprised if I suggested that nowadays, we Eritreans must have capitulated to nihilism and fatalism.  Sure enough, the dictator’s quarter century of relentless subjugation must have taken a toll on our people that the fight against tyranny become meaningless.  Isn’t it?  We must have resigned to fate and fortune to determine Eritrea’s future, absent a token of contribution.  But then when heroes and heroines muster the courage to confront the tyrant, as it happened in Eritrea the last few days, we tend to think rather the glass half-full than half-empty.  Hope and optimism replaces doom and gloom.

When it comes to the affairs of Eritrea, the Eritrean nation, the indigenous Eritrean identity and our commonality, it seems, sadly enough, we proved time and again that we are incapable of saving our collective being; and, in fact, nowadays, we seem to be relegated to fatalism.  It is not uncommon, for example, to hear people begging the heavens for Eritrea’s salvation – a hapless humdrum of  phrases like Ezgher yifeLit, b’amlak eyu ziweGih, became our common lexicons.  Let it be known that under no circumstances that I am disparaging the religious undertones of such phrases; but rather, merely highlighting our wretched belief in Devine intervention for what could be achievable through human intervention.  Nevertheless, the fatal nihilism gripping Eritreans is indeed a worrisome.

As I suggested earlier, we must have resigned to fate and fortune to determine our future.  Well, the idea of fate and fortune had been expressed in ancient Chinese and Greek literature as a mode of life in those days.  Let’s not forget that it was a communal society back then.  In The Consequences of Modernity, Sociologist Anthony Giddens suggested that the ancient words like “fate and fortune” are today supplanted by their modern variant of “risk and trust.”  I am not in any way constructing or deconstructing the epistemological dimension of Anthony’s “risk and trust”.  But, It Is true also that, In our modern times, risk taking is that can make or break a society.  In that sense, the indisputable fact is that we Eritreans are risk averse.

Why, for example, are we good at magnifying a minor difference, but incompetent to work on the major ones that we agree upon?  Why are we really good at spreading innuendos and half-truths, yet unable to reach a consensus to confront our mortal enemy?  We are indeed good at shouting matches against one another; but hopelessly incapable of shedding the wheels of oppression in our country through and through.  I always pondered about this peculiar Habesh behavior; a behavior better left to behavioral psychologists to answer.

What is required in Eritrea, in my opinion, is nothing short of a revolution.  A people’s revolution and a revolution for a fundamental change in our country – as no Eritrean, except the mindless half-humans – would accept the status quo.  Perhaps that revolution is ongoing right now in every aspect of Eritrean life; as it happened in Asmara and elsewhere in Eritrea over the last few days.  But, what is missing, in my opinion is the woefully inadequate consciousness gripping Eritreans to overcome the weakest link in waging a revolution.  Incidentally, It is worth remembering here that to an Eritrean ear, the word “revolution” is synonymous to an armed struggle, unaware that armed insurrection is the means to an end and not an end by itself.  Had we known this fundamental political concept, Eritrea wouldn’t find itself in a state of tyranny today.  It is, therefore, this [revolution without consciousness] misconception about revolution that stole our liberty and peaceful leaving in our country.

In 1971, a reporter asked the famed civil rights activist Angela Davis, whether confrontation and violence was necessary to wage a revolution.  Her answer blew him away, when in her matter-of-factly manners, she threw the question back to his face for his unawares or, perhaps his willful disregard that the system itself created the confrontation and violence in the first place.

Here is part of what she told him that is really of concern to us:

“…when you talk about a revolution, most people think violence, without realizing that the real content of any kind of revolutionary thrust lies in the principles and the goals that you are striving for, not in the way you reach them…”

As the above quote makes abundantly clear, revolution without consciousness and revolution without the principles and goals are equivalent to building a house on sand dunes.  Sooner or later that unfortunate house will crumble.  If it were possible to shed  dictatorship through demonstrations in foreign countries, I think, we Eritreans would have been nominated for Nobel prize for achieving the unachievable.  Once, I was laughing profusely when an acquaintance suggested – and, he really believed what he was saying – that the youth to have confronted the dictatorship in Eritrea at a demonstrated in New York.  “MenEsey kimiKit wiElu”, is what he termed of the day’s affair.  Can you believe the naïveté of some folks?  These are the easily duped optimists who make lemonade out of lemons.

In fact, if the dictator were to expire tomorrow, many people think that the misery choking Eritrea would finally come to an end.  It wouldn’t cross their mind that political leaders are marauding political hyenas and if restraints were not laid early on to check on their escapades, the consequences would be far graver than initially thought.  Consequently, despite the enormous sacrifices we made, oddly enough, we were short of our goals in laying the democratic foundation in our country.  We willfully and enthusiastically gave up our fundamental right and submitted to the whims of the dictator.  That is, in my opinion, at the heart of Eritrea’s problem.

Bless those who risked their lives to confront the tyrant in his front yard – a phenomenon so dangerous to his foundation.  This is happening inside the country is by itself indicative that power is slowly but surely slipping fast from his grasp.  There is in fact hope and optimism in Eritrea.  However, as it happened before, it is possible that the dictator might crush the uprising this time as well, but he will never, ever, subdue the Eritrean public anymore.  It is also possible that, unlike his escapades and shenanigans against the docile Christians and Christian denomination, the dictator might try to hush the anger of our Muslim brothers.  After all, he feared the Muslims more than the Christians.  He, therefore, is more than likely to allay their anger by reversing his previous decision to close their school in Asmara.  Think about it?  Muslims demonstrating throughout the country because their school was closed in Asmara; while Christians remain mum when their patriarch was confined incommunicado?  Is there something wrong in the make up of Muslims and Christians in Eritrea?  Where is the outrage?  The use and abuse of religious beliefs to divide and conquer a society is an outdated system of PR 101, except in Eritrea.  Unless we wake up and find common cause with our Muslim brothers, we are simply accelerating the demise of Eritrea.  If our Muslim brothers could save Eritrea, this would be the second time they came to the rescue of the country – let’s not forget, it was the Moslems, after all, who launched the armed struggle in 1961 to free Eritrea.  I can only pray and hope that they succeed.

Tesfamichael Kidane

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  • Keren November 5, 2017

    Tes, You rightly wrote, “we Eritreans must have capitulated to nihilism and fatalism.”

    The christian Eritreans had given so much but took nothing from Eritrea including their brothers and sisters, sons and daughters, they have become hopeless and given up on Eritrea. I was in Eritrea few months ago, your neighborhood in May Temenay has no young person above the age of 17 except the mentally impaired and the invalid. Few are still slaving in the endless National Service but many are either in jail, not far from your house in Adi Abeyto, May Husta, May Surwa and Adi Nefas and the rest spread in many refugee camps in Sudan, Ethiopia, Israel and all over Europe and few in North America.
    The nihilism and fatalism is a reflection of the lies and deceits of Ghedli. You judge Ghedli and the opposition by its fruits, not by its statements.
    This is the demise of Eritrea and nothing good will come from the programs and catalogs of Ghedli. The Eritrea that I saw few months ago is broken beyond any repair. I sadly report here that the only person who is right on target so far in his prophetic writings on the future of Eritrea is the one and only Yosief Ghebrehiwet.
    Read his article: The Eritrean Opposition: the Fallacies of Its Democracy Project

    • Keren November 5, 2017

      PS. By the way the “Democracy Project” of the multiple Eritrean opposition is not that different from that of the opposition forces of the Egyptians, Turks, Syrians, Libyans and the Somalis who had high hopes few months and years ago and you saw it what had eaten it.

    • Kalighe November 5, 2017

      “The Eritrea that I saw few months ago is broken beyond any repair. I sadly report here that the only person who is right on target so far in his prophetic writings on the future of Eritrea is the one and only Yosief Ghebrehiwet.”

      Keren (aka Teklay)

      You and Yosief Ghebrehiwet want Eritrea to disappear from the map of the world, to make it easy for your mama Ethiopia to swallow it.
      Bastards !! shame on you.

    • Tesfamichael Kidane November 6, 2017

      your fallacies are glaringly on display here. You are so funny indeed. So you were in my “neighborhood in May Temenay”?? Who told you I am from May Temenay? And many are in jail not far from “my house in Adi Abeyto…”. Hahahaha………… You thought you knew me or you are assuming? Either way, your stupidity is beyond comprehension.
      But, if you are trying to propagate the “Asmara myth”, know that we Eritreans do have a system called “Adi” where we identify ourselves and telling where we came from – a system so prevalent throughout the world, except in Eritrea. Know that we don’t identify ourselves with tiny Asmara, That is for people with identity crisis. Your game plan was so elementary.

      • Bokre November 6, 2017

        You clearly have a problem with ‘sons of Asmera’. Asmarino is an identity that will endure the futile efforts of its detractors. It refers to cosmopolitan life-style that EPLF/ PFDK seeks to destroy or replace with the peasant ‘ጨጓር ድንጋ` culture. Don’t feel bitter and resent the fact that you are not from Asmara. No doubt, it is a plus for me as I also have my Adi identity, a birth right. My piece of advice: Don’t be bitter and try to tone down your aggressive language.

        • Tesfamichael Kidane November 7, 2017

          Bokre, what’s going on brother? Unless you are suffering from attention span disorder, the topic was not even about Asmara, let lone about the so-called Asmarino. It was about Eritrea ‘s future. And the funniest part is you wrote, “Don’t feel bitter and resent the fact that you are not from Asmara.” First, how do you know that I am not from Asmara? Are you assuming? People who take assumptions as facts are the most ignorant people, so you know. Second, if you think I am bitter about it, well you will be disappointed, but actually I am not. Perhaps you are in meditative state. Please check your bed. Third, disregarding the predicament of Eritrea, which was the topic under discussion, you were wheezing heavily to reply to me, because you thought Asmara was under assault? This clearly tells us that you do not have any conception of political outlook beyond the tiny confines of Asmara. Fourth, you thought tiny Asmara was a cosmopolitan city?? You know Bokre! I was laughing when I read that. This clearly shows how shallow your thinking is. So what do you call cities like Nairobi or Lagos or Cairo or Johannesburg? Huh! A little advice to you Bokre: self-aggrandizement is fine as far as you don’t expose yourself. Please don’t expose your ignorance. Know the history of Asmara before you open your mouth and when you do, you will be a bit restrained.

      • Bokre November 6, 2017


        I forgot to mention that you write well from this and and your previous posts. That said, And I should commend your contribution to this website. That said, the barrage of abuses would not measure up to the standards of serious writing as its is extremely hostile.

        • AHMED SALEH !!! November 7, 2017

          Selamat Kidane
          I read negative comments from people with identity crisis . For example if you
          notice you respond to Keren and he came with different nickname to defend
          himself . Many participants already identified their game . So never mind , just
          keep writing to inform and bring awareness .

        • Tesfamichael Kidane November 7, 2017

          Telling the truth is bitter indeed. You are a living witness, aren’t ya? Whom do you still assume I am hostile to? Still assumption, isn’t it? Assumption = fact
          That is the main problem of Eritreans. We just do not want to acceptance the truth. We want to find someone to blame for our failure. Know the truth brother, and the truth shall set you free.
          But, question to you Bokre: what are the requirements to be Asmarino? I am seriously considering to be one.

  • T.zeregabir November 5, 2017

    Please when you write such articles write it in Tigrigna Because what you said in English is already understood by those who can read it.
    Our problem is we write articles in English or Arabic. But who will read and understand?

    • Keren November 5, 2017

      it is a good question, however, Tesfalaem had done his best to write in what he can, and please contribute by helping us translate it 🙂

    • Tesfamichael Kidane November 5, 2017

      T.zeregabir, I guess those who understand English well, and there are a lot of them, can read and understand it. But, I understand your concern brother, I will in the future.

  • k.tewolde November 5, 2017

    Mr. Kidane ease up on us christian highlanders,we are already paying a hefty price and more.otherwise your message is right on the money. Lets all focus now on dismantling the HGDEF enterprise which is licenced and owned by one man with no opportunity to innovate,grow or reproduce,this way we can have our collegos,madresas,principes,cambonis,endamariam with geez curriculum,islaamia,santa familia….. back they way we were together happily ever after.

    • k.tewolde November 5, 2017

      In other words,discard this failed franchise with a logo,and replace it with a peoples nation and re infuse back the life,love,spirituality and sanity that was sucked out of it- our Eritrea which our brothers and sisters died for.

  • Kidane November 5, 2017

    It is easy to make simple judgments and finger pointing while sitting comfortably behind screen. You want revolution, come and lead it. It needs leaders and individuals prepared to give their lives, the question you, yourself, must address is – are you prepared to give what it takes yourself?

    You are all happy for others to make the sacrifice that you are not willing to make.

    Could people have a rational explanation for not doing the revolution you are calling for?

    You are now all excited because some Jeberti stood up for their school and you want to make them sacrificial lamb, and blaming the Christians for not doing the same.

    Jeberti are smart enough to know not to allow themselves to become the sacrificial lamb for your ambition that you are not willing to make a sacrifice for.

    You do not even have the substance or the capability to confront the real questions beyond your regime change agenda. Finger pointing and attempting to sound academic, can not make up for your lack of substance.

    • Mohamed November 5, 2017

      “Jeberti are smart enough to know not to allow themselves to become the sacrificial lamb for your ambition that you are not willing to make a sacrifice for.”


      We are well aware the regime in Asmara and it’s supporters want re-channel the anger against it to create hatred among Eritreans.
      The problem is not of Jeberti standing for their school only, it’s more than that, it’s a issue of freedom in the first place. We are proud of all those stood for their own rights, whether they are Jeberti or Orthodox and Catholic bishops.
      You can’t cheat us anymore.

      • AHMED SALEH !!! November 7, 2017

        Selamat Mohamed
        Tesfamicael Kidane wrote interesting article about the
        resistance against lawless regime . But some of us may
        try to twist his message .
        As you said precisely ” nobody can cheat us anymore ” .

    • amanuel November 6, 2017

      Let the hgdf and the fake hgdf in the west wish we will be divided and there will be no more protest. Well, so long we are oppressed and brutally reppressed, there will be violent confrontation and we are trained and some how armed too. Next one will be across the country, violent and devastating to hgdf and the fake supporters. Wishin this one was jebertis and christians will not support them is wishful thinking.

    • Tesfamichael Kidane November 6, 2017

      You exposed your idiocy and synicism here. Well, we have seen a lot of your likes: the ignorants, the idiots, the morons and cynics. So nothing new, just another you. And keep in mind that people like you are the perfect fit at the dictator’s service, the ignorants and the synics; If you are so ignorant and lacking in consciousness, let me tell you this: a political course of a country is not a one person business, it is a consensus of the people. It is determined by the people. So, what I write is my opinion and my opinion only. Your response to me exposed your moronic thoughts.

      • AHMED SALEH !!! November 7, 2017

        Please Tesfamichael don’t give attention to suspicious comments . You are not the first or last person to face
        personal attacks . Negative remarks in assenna and
        asmarino became the work of unknown intruders .
        Ab zeisemAka debri aytmahlel yibl msla abotat .

  • AHMED SALEH !!! November 5, 2017

    Eritrean Muslims reacted to demonstrate against the
    closing of their school while their partners Christian
    population prefer silence when their PATRIARCH arrested and religious affairs violated .
    Difficult to believe occurences . I hope our people
    start to recognize their faults that lead them at
    current predicaments .
    Somewhere we see hope started to flourish .

    • Danilo November 5, 2017

      Ahmed,you are right but when some one starts it we finish it. I guess we are dormant but active. late say the Muslim as starter, certainly the dinamo is Christiantoo . I mean, all of us components of. …

  • Simon G November 7, 2017

    ኣንታ ተስፊት ነብሲ: መቸም ‘ቲ ዝበልካዮ ሓቂ ዩ።

    1. የግዳስ ንስኻን ፍጹምን እንታይ ድዩ ጸገምኩም (ብጀካ ቲ ሓቂ ምዝራብ ማለተይ ዩ)? ነቶም ዝፈልጡ ኢኹም ትገልጽሎም ዘለኹም።
    ነቲ ርእሰ-ጋኔን ዝስዕቡ መብዛሕቲኦም ዘየንብቡ: ተንቢቦም ድማ ትግርኛ ‘ኳ ብኽንደይ ጋዶ። ስለዝኾነ ‘ዩ ቆቁሩብ ናብ ደለይቲ ለውጢ ዝመጹ ዘለዉ (ምንባብ ምስጀመሩ ማለተይ ዩ)

    2. ናይታ ኣስላም ዝበልካያ ድማ: ምንቅስቓስ ወዲ ዓሊ’ባ ኣይትረስዕ! እምበር ካብ ኣስላም ‘ዩ ተስፋና።
    ጳጳስ ተዋህዶ ካብ ዝእሰሩ ደኣ ክንደይ ዲዮም ጌሮም? ተዋህዶ ዘሪጣ! ካልእ መግለጺ ኣይረኸብኩን።

    3. ደሓር ከኣ ሓንጎለይ ኣናዊጽካኒ። ዝሓለፈ ሰሙን እቲ መን ኢኻ ትብሎ (ዳለይ ላማ ናይ ኤርትራ ማለተይ ዩ) ዝጸሓፎ ስጋብ ሕጂ ርእሰይ ይሕመኒ ሎ።

    4. ጠንቀምቀም ክብል ናብ ዓዋተ ይኸደልካ: መርዘን ‘ዩ ዝሕዘኒ። ኣለው! ሰፍ ዘይብል እንግሊዝ ዝጽሕፉ። ሓንቲ ሓረግ ክርደኣ ዓሰርተ ደቓይቕ ይወስደለይ።
    ሓደ ሓደስ ወረ ይጠራጠር: ቀኒአ ድየስ ዋላ ትቛንቋ በርቲዑኒ መርዘን ዝሕዘኒ? ኣቤት ቅንኢ ዘይገብሮ ዘይብሉ! መቸም ኣብዚኣ ዘለኹም ሊቃውንቲ ወስኽካ: ምስ ኣርካናት ናይ ዓዋተ: በዓል ማሕሙድ ሳልሕ: ኮኾብ ኣርቲስታ: ጋዲ: ኣማኑኤል ሕድራት: እስማዒሎ: ጳውሎስ: በያን: ቶማስ ዘ ግሬት: iሰም: ሰዓይ: ወዘተረፈ… ሓቢርኩም ተትሰርሑስ; ኣቤት: ኣቤት: ኤርትራ ንምምሕዳር ሓንቲ ወርሒ ምኣኸለትኩም!

    በል ቀጽሎ ተስፊት ሓውና። እንቋዕ ምሁር ደንቆሮ ኣይኮንካ!

    • AHMED SALEH !!! November 7, 2017

      Simon G.
      I also admire contributors in forum because they
      handle their arguments in civilized way including participants
      who hail from Ethiopia . I give due credit to its moderators .

      • Simon G November 8, 2017

        I agree, 100%, brother Ahmed!

    • Tesfamichael Kidane November 8, 2017

      Simon G,
      Your humorous narration style is so entertaining. I was laughing indeed. I have nothing to add brother; except that the current situation was the subject of the topic, not that Wedi Ali’s martyrdom was put on the back burner.
      But a question to you Simon G,, excuse me but I have no idea who the Dalai Lama of Eritrea is?

      • Simon G November 9, 2017

        Brother Tesfit,
        I consider brother ENg./Mathematician Fitsum is the Dalai Lama of Eritrea!
        Keep educating us brother!

  • Tesfai November 7, 2017

    ኣየ ተስፋኣለም ኮርዒዳ ይበል እዩ እዚ ሕልምኻ።
    ቀደምሲ ነዚ ክርስትያን ዓሻ ስለ ዝቖጽርዎ እዩ መስለኒ ኣብ ካይሮ ካርቱም ርያድ ባቕዳድ ተሓቢኦም በዚ ኣጥቕዕ በዚ ኣዝግብ ይብልዎ ኔሮም። ሎሚ ኸኣ ከምዚ ከማኻ በላሕቲ ናይ ኵናት ብኮምፒተር ተሓቢኦም ብዛዕባ ጥቕምታት ሸሪዓን ዓረባውነትን የማኽርዎ ኣለዉ። ኣቤት ለባም : ንስኻን ኣዝማድካንከ መዓስ ኢኹም ናብ ኤርትራ ትመጹ? ኡራል ማኪና ናይ ወያነ ድያ ወይሲ ገመል ዓረብ ተወጢሕካ ኣብ ፎርቶ ደይብካ ጋዜጣዊ መግለጺ እትገብር?
    ምስኪናይ ህዝቢ እዚ ኹሉ ዝኸፈሎ መስዋእቲ ከይኣክልሲ ከምዚ ከማኻ ድማ ክባጭወሉን ክጻወተሉን::

    • Tesfamichael Kidane November 7, 2017

      You do not even know who to address your gibberish to. I don’t have anything to say to you. Before you blabber more, please study English first to understand the topic under discussion.

  • Meretse November 7, 2017

    ሰላም ንኩልና
    እዞም ሎሚ ዝጸሓፉ ዘሎዉ ሪኢቶታት ካብ ዝሓለፉ ሪኢቶታት ፍልይ ዝበሉ ኮይኖም ይስምዑኒ፡ ማለት እንተወሓደ እቶም ብዘይካ ጸርፊ ካልእ ኣበርክቶ ዘይነበሮም ወሃብቲ ሪእቶታት ብዓቀን ዝወሓዱ ይመስሉ ። ሙሉእ ይግበሮ።
    ሓደ ሓደ ግዜ ኣስማት ጠቒስና እዛ ከምዚኣ ዝበልክያ ወይ ዝበልካያ ፡ ኣይተረዳእኹዋን ወይ እውን ሒዘያ ዝብሉ ወስታት ንጽሕፍ ኢና። እዚ ማለት ግን ነቶም ካልኦት ሪእቶት ከየንበብናዮም ንሓልፍ ማለት ኣይኮነን። ኩሉ ግዜ ድሕሪ ንባብ ምምሃር እውን ኣሎ እሞ ንቀጽሎ በሃላይ ኢየ።
    ቀጺለ ናብታ ከም ዋዛ ኣብ መንጎ ዝእትወት ሓረግ ከተኹር ይደሊ —
    ሳይሞን ኣብ ሪእቶካ
    “ዝሓለፈ ሰሙን እቲ መን ኢካ ትብሎ ናይ ኤረትራ (ዳላይ ላማ) ዝጸሓፎ
    ዝጸሓፎ እንክፈኹስ ዘስምዖ ትርጉም ዝወረቆ
    ዝጸሓፎ እንክጠብቕ ዘስምዖ ትርጉም ስለኡ ዝተጻሕፎ
    ዳላይ ላማ (Dalai Lama) ? ገሊእናስ ሒዝናያ ግን ሹሽ ,,,, Sg ቻይና ከይሰምዑዃ
    very funny.
    Anyways here is what your ዳላይ ላማ tweet on Nov. 3′ 2017
    “Change in the world always begins with an individual who shares what he or she has learned and passes it on to others”

    • Simon G November 8, 2017

      Brother Meretse,
      Nice! I was also worried about China. ዳላይ ላማ is blocked from their search engine over there.

  • FM November 7, 2017


    Thanks for your analysis, it brings up a lot to chew on the state of Eritrea. If I would diverge from your assessment is that Eritreans do not avert risks. For 30 years they gave their lives to liberate Eritrea, which is hardly risk aversion. However, the last 26 years and counting dashed their hopes and sacrifices for a peaceful and prosperous Eritrea. When young people disillusioned and fed up of the yoke of the PFDJ regime, it is hardly risk aversion when they take risk of crossing the border; heading toward Sahara and Mediterranean Sea. Eritrean youth, who have been always at the forefront of revolution have been in mass detention in the name of National Service, which is endless. Even there, young people continue to resist through “Hadamnet,” taking away the lives of their abusers – in homicide-suicide, of course emptying the country by crossing the borders to neighboring countries. Denied of emerging leadership by the devilish skill of the regime, those of us in diaspora failed to nurture viable and emerging leadership focusing on our petty differences. The opposition oligarchy has to give way to new blood of leadership within those who are organized in the neighboring countries or find a way of creating a viable environment those cells in the belly of the beast to be effective.

  • Wedi Blata November 8, 2017

    The issue is no transparency and honesty. No clear strategy on how to tackle the dilemma that we face. Most of us harbor more than one ideology, the first one is the narrowest and the most damaging ideas and allegations that we only discuss within our close nets of region, religion and ethnicity. The second one the one is the one that is politically correct that we speak in public as if the other day we were not blaming and trashing the other region, religion and ethnic groups for being the support of the Government or the cause of failure of united struggle. We have to come up clean and speak in what we believe bluntly. Donald Trump won the election because he was bold enough by brings the politics that never went past the living and bed rooms of white folks to the public.