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Another dead baby becomes the latest heartbreaking symbol of the Mediterranean refugee crisis

Washington Post By Rick Noack May 31 at 7:57 AM A German rescuer holds the corpse of a drowned baby off the Libyan coast May 27. (Christian Buettner/Eikon Nord GmbH Germany via Reuters) LONDON — At first, the

Washington Post

By Rick Noack May 31 at 7:57 AM

A German rescuer holds the corpse of a drowned baby off the Libyan coast May 27. (Christian Buettner/Eikon Nord GmbH Germany via Reuters)
LONDON — At first, the baby looked as “if it were alive.”

But when a German rescuer who gave his name as Martin looked closer, he noticed the “shining, friendly but motionless eyes” and the body that looked like a doll with its “arms and tiny fingers stretched toward the sky.” The baby was one of at least 25 drowning victims discovered by Martin and his colleagues in the sea between Libya and Italy on Friday, he said in an email Tuesday.

“Nobody in our boat talked. Only six hours ago this baby had still been alive,” he recalled.

But the rescuers had come too late. According to the German aid group Sea-Watch, the baby was on a boat with dozens of other Europe-bound migrants that sank. At least 45 of them died and 135 were rescued, it said. Both Sea-Watch and the Italian navy participated in the rescue operation, and bodies of the victims were turned over to the navy. According to Martin, most of the other drowned refugees were women; two of them appeared to have been pregnant.

The rescuer, a father who usually works as a music therapist in Germany and was volunteering with Sea-Watch, said of his reaction to recovering the baby’s corpse: “I wanted to scream, but I decided to sing instead, in order to calm myself and the baby which should never have died — and to give some kind of expression to this incomprehensible, heartbreaking moment.”

Since May 21, more than 1,000 migrants have died in the Mediterranean Sea as their boats sank, according to data released by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on Tuesday.

Until last week, fewer than 1,500 refugees were believed to have drowned this year, the organization said. On Tuesday, the IOM said the number of casualties had risen to 2,443 by Monday — over 30 percent more than in the first five months of 2015. Last week, there were still 24 percent fewer confirmed fatalities than last year’s total through all of May.

Amid the surge in victims, Sea-Watch released the photo Monday. It was first published by Reuters.

“If you don’t want to see these pictures — stop producing them,” Sea-Watch said in a statement sent to The Washington Post.

“The death of refugees is being tolerated to scare off others who might come after them,” Sea-Watch founder Harald Höppner was quoted as saying.

Criticism of the European Union’s mission to prevent migrant deaths in the Mediterranean has increased in recent weeks. A report by the British House of Lords, the upper house of Parliament, found that the mission was “an impossible challenge,” partially because the search and rescue was “not its core mandate.”

Instead, the European Union has recently put a stronger emphasis on trying to disrupt the human-trafficking networks in countries such as Libya that facilitate the dangerous sea crossings. But nongovernmental groups and human rights organizations fear that an even stronger focus on that part of the mission could “lead to much higher death rates at sea,” one expert quoted in the British report argued.

In September, the world reacted with outrage at photos of a drowned refugee boy, 3-year-old Alan Kurdi, whose family had fled from a Kurdish-dominated region in northern Syria. He was found dead on a beach in Turkey.

Those photos went viral and had enormous impact. After they appeared, for example, the Canadian government removed some of the legal obstacles that asylum seekers coming to the country had faced. Elsewhere, the photo was credited for shifting public opinion in favor of refugees.

But the photo of Alan Kurdi came at a time when thousands of refugees from Syria and other war-torn countries were being welcomed as they arrived in Europe after dangerous boat trips from Turkey. Over time, however, the huge crush of newcomers resulted in increasing calls on authorities to place limits on the number of arriving migrants and refugees.

Meanwhile, in the Mediterranean Sea, private organizations such as Sea-Watch try to make up for the alleged shortcomings of the European Union’s current mission.

After Martin, the German rescuer, had handed over the baby’s body to the Italian navy, he and his colleagues returned to the boat wreckage.
“It was extremely touching to see a young couple: The two — both of them were probably in their mid-20s — had embraced each other so strongly that they were hard to separate,” when the rescuers pulled the bodies out of the water, Martin recalled.

“I hope this photo helps to put a spotlight on the countless other people who have drowned silently and who wanted nothing apart from a better future,” the German rescuer said.

Review overview
  • Esa May 31, 2016

    Those photos went viral and had enormous impact. After they appeared, for example, “the Canadian government removed some of the legal obstacles that asylum seekers coming to the country had faced.”
    This incorrect because, the Canadian government instead locked all door for other countries asylum seekers and sponsorship to canada,but only to Syrian. Examples to Eritrea with the same situation. We cry out but no one from canadian government heard our voice.

  • k.tewolde June 1, 2016

    This is the sign of the end of times, the Lord is taking what belongs to him- the pure and the innocent,those of us who are simply watching this gruesome phenomena and squabbling over petty staff and longing to live another day instead joining hands with determination and putting an end to this diabolic mayhem once and for all,our turn will be……I can only imagine.

  • AHMED SALEH !!! June 1, 2016

    Syrian war of destruction take the blame and in Eritrea we have HGDF government silent psychological war to produce refugees crisis .
    Fate had invited refugees to meet at Mediterranean Sea and show whole world the realities of desperate people .
    Look the picture of innocent beautiful baby a victim of grown up sins .
    Political correct idiots don’t know better but only to lecture stupid ideology . As I said before it isn’t over expect more to follow this
    risky journey . Libyan instability benefited smugglers take every
    advantages to roam free for their profitable enterprises.

  • keshi mars June 1, 2016

    Hello Assenna and its readers, I feel very sad.

  • Amanuel June 1, 2016

    I am speechless. This is our son/daughter Eritrean child the product of a failed state and even failed humanity. Lets keep on dancing while our children are perishing in their hundreds. What a shame. The child was dying in cold while Isyas and his clowns are sleeping in their cosy beds.

  • Dembe June 1, 2016

    Assenna and its readers need to confirm this tragedy that befell on Eritreans once again. This was reported by AP on May 31, 2016
    Why are the Arab Libyans pushing Eritreans into the unworthy plastic dings?

    Mediterranean Sea disasters swallow up over 1,000 migrants, AP

    “Most of those on board were Eritrean, according to Save the Children, including many women and children.”

    JAMEY KEATEN, May 31, 2016
    This undated image made available Monday, May 30, 2016 by the Italian Navy Marina Militare shows migrants being rescued at sea. Survivor accounts have pushed to more than 700 the number of migrants feared dead in Mediterranean Sea shipwrecks over three days in the past week, even as rescue ships saved thousands of others in daring operations. (Italian Navy via AP)

    GENEVA (AP) — The treacherous Mediterranean Sea crossing from Libya to Italy has claimed the lives of over 1,030 migrants in the last week, mostly as barely seaworthy smuggling boats foundered and sank despite calm seas and sunny skies, a migration agency said Tuesday, citing new accounts from survivors.

    The staggering death toll foreshadows more disasters ahead in the next few months as the region gears up for its traditional summer-fall spike in human trafficking as the weather improves and the seas grow warmer. Aid officials said it also suggests that Libyan smuggling gangs are using even riskier tactics than before to profit from the torrent of those desperate to reach the safety or economic promise of Europe…

  • Belinda prentice June 2, 2016

    Thx Assena what’s happening to us why we don’t united talk together to stop today we have voice why we self what is the fear after those our people are vanishing. …….